- What is the difference between tyaga, vairagya and uparati?
- Avoiding contact with sense objects is tyaga. Not even being attracted towards the object, even when it is before one’s eyes, is vairagya. If the object is before one’s eyes, but still there is neither a desire to enjoy nor any aversion thereto, it is uparati.
- What are the types of vairagya?
- Ordinarily vairagya is of three types, according to the qualities of nature:
- The vairagya arising out of aversion to the world and love for the lord is sattvic.
- The vairagya in search of fame and prestige is rajasic.
- If one looks down on others, and takes pride in one’s vairagya, the vairagya is tamasic.
In Yoga darshan, two types of vairagya have been described, par and apar. Apar vairagya is of four types:
- Yatman: When efforts are made to get of worldly pleasure, but success is not achieved, it is called yatman vairagya.
- Vyatireki: If attachment to some of the sense objects goes, but with others, it remains, it is vyatireki vairagya.
- Ekendriya: The mind is also an indriya. When there is no attraction for sense objects, but one does think about them in mind, it is ekendriya vairagya. In this state, mind and senses are controlled on the strength of determination.
- Vashikar: With vashikar vairagya, mind and the senses are completely subjugated and many miracles start happening. Hitherto apar vairagya has been described.When there is no attraction for anything, on has no taste for even omniscience or miracles, and one is established in one’s True Self, it is par vairagya. Renunciation of even the bliss of concentration and being beyond the qualities of nature is par vairagya.There are two more classifications of vairagya. Vairagya from the body is the first type, and being beyond the feelings of ‘I’ and ‘my’ is second type. People do achieve vairagya from their homes, but it is difficult to achieve vairagya from the body. Much more difficult is to experience non-existence of the body. It is achieved by rarest of individuals by sheer grace of the Sadguru.
When a child is born, it is uncertain, whether it will get education, whether it will marry or whether it will engage in a vocation, but is there any doubt, whether it will die? We too are among such children.
There can be a doubt, whether we shall become rich, whether we shall be famous, whether we shall win elections. But dear brother! Can there be any doubt whether we shall die or not?
There is a fixed time for departure of a flight or a bus or even a train of life?
Where do we live? In the abode of death. Whosoever comes here has to die. How long can you have relations with the mortals….?
Death is inevitable, it is certain. Do you make any preparations for that? If yes, do it with greater determination; if not, start today.
On the path of Self-realization or God-realization, three kinds of desires keep us away from God. If we do not indulge in these three desires, we shall instantly hear songs from the divine kingdom. The three desires are:
- Desire to live. 2. Desire to do. 3. Desire to know.
Even if we don’t desire to live, the body will live in any case. Even if we don’t desire to do anything, things will automatically get done by the force of the providence. If we don’t desire to know, then our True Self, the original source of all knowledge will manifest itself.
These three desires are obstacles to God-realization. Dear brother! Take courage. Those who have renounced desires have been blessed. Stop treating yourself as weak. You reverberate with divine music; you are full of divine bliss. You are the Divinity yourself. Just take care of these three things.
The Srimad Bhagwat says:
‘If you get the company of a God-lover for a moment, it is the best thing to happen to you. Heaven or even salvation don’t stand anywhere in comparison.’